The lawyer is involved in many areas and in very different situations: family life, corporate law, labor law … He can just advise you or take legal action. Here’s how to choose it to be well defended.
Identify precisely your need
You can use a lawyer to advise you in a specific area of law (drafting a company’s articles of association or a contract) or to defend you in court proceedings (divorce or litigation with a professional).
Generalist or specialist?
As for doctors, there are generalists and specialists. The former can, in principle, take care of all the files. But, in fact, they have, over time, often turned their attention to particular areas of law, without necessarily holding a certificate of specialization (GPs often deal with cases relating to family law, work, real estate …)., on the other hand, have officially validated their specific skills by a certificate.
You can as well address a generalist as a specialist, the whole thing being to verify that it has sufficient knowledge in the field which interests you: a simple telephone call is enough for that. A conscientious lawyer is not supposed to take a case in an area that he does not master, especially if it is complex. However, for thorny and very specific problems (patent law, company statutes, town planning law, tax law …), contacting a specialized lawyer will give you the assurance that the professional has all the required skills.
For simple and classic cases (divorce by mutual consent, contestation of rental leave, return of security deposit, late delivery of goods …) you can either call a specialist or a GP.
Do not choose your lawyer randomly
Choosing a lawyer near you www.businesslawyertampa.com is the most common solution. It is indeed more practical, if you use him for a consulting mission (drafting of contract, legal consultation …) or for a procedure taking place near your place of residence, because that will facilitate your meetings and your trades. On the other hand, if your case is judged far from home, it may be better to take a lawyer on the spot. In fact, the lawyers depend on a bar and each bar is attached to a tribunal de grande instance (TGI). A lawyer can defend you everywhere in France, but in another TGI, he has, with exception, need to resort to a “postulant” (that is to say a colleague of the bar attached to this court), to perform the procedural documents. This entails an additional cost.
Example: you live in Marseille and your trial takes place in Paris. Either you take a lawyer in Marseilles who will plead the case for you, but will have recourse to a Parisian lawyer for the pleadings; or you take directly a Parisian lawyer. This last option can be more interesting, if your business is simple and you can follow it remotely after a first appointment.
How to find it?
Word of mouth is an effective way to select a lawyer. Indeed, if it is recommended to you, it is because it gave satisfaction to one of your acquaintances or that this one knows it personally. On the other hand, avoid being defended by a member of your family or a friend, because your reports will be more complicated and the risks of quarrel exist …
If nobody in your entourage (friends, family, notary) could give you the details of a lawyer, you can consult a list of professionals with the Bar closest to your home (which, moreover, often has a website offering a directory with a search engine specialization), but also to the district court of your city, or possibly in your town hall. You can also use the phone book and the internet.
Know that free consultations can be organized in courthouses, town halls, houses of justice and law or in trade shows. It is a good way to have a first contact or to be directed to the specialist you need.
Be attentive during the first contact
The first appointment with your future lawyer is very important: it is not enough that he has the required knowledge and that he is near you! It is essential that a relationship of trust be established between you. Moreover, if you appeal to him in the context of a trial, know that the case can last a long time and concern your private life (especially in case of divorce).
If the contact is not good, do not hesitate to consult another professional: it is better to pay two first consultations than to change the lawyer during the procedure. This is usually more expensive than not following up after an interview. When making this contact, it is important that you expose, as clearly as possible, the situation that brings you. It is also important, even if it is not essential, to bring all the elements that concern the case, if you have any. Do not leave any original documents. Plan photocopies in case you finally decide not to leave the case to this lawyer.
Namely: at the end of this first appointment, the lawyer will probably ask you a provision, that is to say an advance on his fees. If you are not sure if you want to give him your file, tell him that you want to think about it and that you will contact him later. It will then charge you only this first consultation. Know that there is no scale for lawyers’ fees, so their amounts can be very variable.